A stroke that lasts for a temporary period without a permanent damage is known as a transient ischemic attack. This medical condition arises when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. Although the condition is for a temporary period, the symptoms are similar to that of a heart attack.
Some of the symptoms of a transient ischemic attack include:
- Dizziness and difficulty in walking
- Numbness in the body. This happens especially to one of the sides of the body
- Trouble in the vision in one or both eyes
- Loss of coordination
Most of the time, a transient ischemic attack may last for an hour but in some of the cases may also extend to up to 24 hours. It is difficult to tell whether the person is experiencing a heart stroke or transient ischemic attack. So, it is highly advisable to seek medical attention immediately.
Also known as a mini stroke, a transient ischemic attack is an alarm for future strokes or underlying heart problem. So, it is vital that we understand the health conditions that lead to a transient ischemic attack to avoid a heart stroke.
A high rate of cholesterol would lead to plaque formation in the arteries, which in turn results in blood clots. It is important to reduce the consumption of trans fat, saturated fat, etc. and consult the doctor for prescribed medication.
High blood pressure
One of the causes of heart stroke is high blood pressure. Seeking medical help will assist you in targeting the right blood pressure with respect to the age, other diseases, etc.
Cardiovascular diseases will include a heart failure, abnormal heart rate, etc. that may lead to a transient ischemic attack.
High blood sugar
It is observed that people with a high blood sugar or diabetes also have the risk of a transient ischemic attack. This is due to the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries, which blocks the blood flow.
Obesity can be one of the causes of a transient ischemic attack. It is therefore important to keep a check on the body weight and eat healthily.
Some of the lifestyle choices such as lack of exercise, unhealthy eating habits, cigarette smoking, heavy drinking, to name a few, can increase the risk of a transient ischemic attack.
Keeping a check on daily diet and nutrition along with regular exercise can be helpful in dealing with these health risks.